Molenpoort

Molenpoort

We have continued along the city walls, and are looking around the corner near the Oranjebastion. In the middle, we can see the Molenpoort, which can be reached by a wooden bridge across a dry moat. In the distance, another bend of the walls can be seen. Here, the Nassaubastion is located. You can now understand where the city got the street names Oranjesingel and Nassausingel.

One of the few photographs which picture the small station, which belonged to the railway line Nijmegen - Kleef. This station dates from 1865 and was located near the Keizer Karelplein, somewhat to the rear of the site where the building of the Vereeniging is established now. The outer fortifications of the city were near the present-day Keizer Karelplein. To get from the station to the Molenpoort, you had to cross two wooden bridges. The road you can see in the picture is the Graafseweg. At the beginning of the Graafseweg there used to be a windmill.

We are now standing in front of the imposing Molenpoort. The gate was built in 1436 as part of the new walls after expansion of the city. It replaces the Wiemelpoort as main entrance to the city.

The Wiemelpoort used to be at the crossing of the streets Broerstraat, Ziekerstraat and Molenstraat.

In 1648, the Molenpoort is embellished in a striking way. The gate is adapted to the taste of the time and receives a baroque exterior: two pilaster storeys, crowned by a fronton and saddle roof. Between the pilasters, windows or blind niches have been constructed. This exterior is conserved until the demolition of the gate.

The Molenpoort from the inside; the eye is immediately caught by the beautiful stone tablet from 1533, which depicts the city arms. Around this time, the gatekeeper A. Vlam used to live over the gate. He was popularly called "Vlammetje" (= little flame). He was fond of his drink, and this had given him a shiny red-purple nose. He also had a grey curling fringe of beard, which made him look like a Frisian shipmaster.

A somewhat broader view of the Molenpoort. On the left is the entrance path to the city walls, then the wooden little customs building and the passage underneath the gate. Under the gate, a woman can be seen who may very well be the 'appelvrouwtje' (=little apple woman), this used to be her post. Everyone knew her as 'de Kromme Leen'. In 1877, her 50th anniversary was celebrated. Everybody was invited to make a donation in a fig basket, intended to buy her a kiosk, because the Molenpoort was going to be demolished. On the right of the picture you can see the stables for horses.

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